Tag Archives: simon

The Other Simon de Montfort: Catharism, Crusade and Cultural Backlash

A generation before Leicester’s own de Montfort led the English barons in rebellion, his ER Images (65)father headed a campaign to eliminate religious heresy in southern France. A ruthless and determined man, the elder Simon was driven from his English lands by King John, and sought the county of Toulouse instead. The Albigensian Crusade (1209-29) massacred Cathar heretics and their supporters, apparently indiscriminately. Claire Taylor argues that this actually increased support for the heresy in the region, until the arrival of the medieval inquisition.

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